A green may consist of a thin carpet so that bad weather is not allowed to become a serious factor in maintaining the course.  It is on links land near the towns of central eastern Scotland that golf has been played since the 15th century.. Backswing The backward part of the swing starting from the ground and going back behind the head. Club (i) An implement used by a player to hit a golf ball. The Flags in Golf. Here are the answers to CodyCross Golf hole with a turn. Masters' 13th hole: 510-yard par-5. Divot (i) The chunk of grass and earth displaced during a stroke. On par-3 holes, the player is expected to be able to drive the ball to the green on the first shot from the tee box. Historic England Research Report 42/2017", The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, "Bermuda, bent, rye: Grass types make big difference", "Scottish Croquet: The English Golf Boom, 1880–1914", "The decline of municipal golf clubs during the economic downturn", Professional Golfers' Association (Great Britain and Ireland), Professional Golfers' Association of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golf_course&oldid=996254488, Articles needing additional references from September 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [S] Sand wedge A lofted club designed especially for playing out of a bunker. Snowman To score an eight on a hole. Putt A shot played on the green, usually with a putter. In strokeplay, a fourball competition is played between several teams each consisting of 2 players, where for every hole the lower of the two partner’s scores counts toward the team’s 18 hole total. Chunk A swing that results in the clubhead hitting the ground before the ball, resulting in a large chunk of ground being taken as a divot. Back Nine: As the name suggests, these are last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course.‘Back Side is another name for ‘Back Nine’. (Fourballs are the opening matches played on the Friday and Saturday mornings of the Ryder Cup). Carry How far the ball travels through the air. Resisting golf tourism and golf's expansion has become an objective of some land-reform movements, especially in the Philippines and Indonesia. Albatross A hole played three strokes under par, also called a Double Eagle.  These associated clubs may be totally independent organisations from the course management, or may have various degrees of formal or informal links.  Links and links-style golf courses have been developed throughout the world, reproducing the broken, treeless terrain with deep bunkers of their Scottish prototypes. People wrote words phonetically. Two main types exist: These types of courses provide a faster pace of play than a standard course, and get their name from their target patronage of business executives who would play the course on a long lunch or as part of a meeting. Wikipedia: “In golf, par is the predetermined number of strokes that a scratch (or 0 handicap) golfer should require to complete a hole …The term is also used in golf-like sports such as disc golf… Most putts are not struck directly at the hole, instead they must be struck to take into account the characteristics of the green to arrive at the hole at the proper angle and speed. Also called a hole in one. Nineteenth Hole: Within Golf Terminology this is a term referring to the "Clubhouse Bar" visited after an 18-Hole round of golf. The game of golf is played in what is called a "round". The exact speed of a green can be determined with a stimp meter. As in putting-green grass types, not every grass type works equally well in all climate types. Another common and more economical approach for establishing a putting green is to introduce hybrid Bermuda sprigs (the stolon of the grass which are raked out at the sod farm), which are laid out on the green. The slope or break of the green also affects the roll of the ball. “The hole” refers both to the physical hole marked by a flag into which the ball must be sunk and also the entire area from the tee to the green. Also partners alternate their tee shots, so that one member of each team will always tee-off on the odd holes and the other will tee off on the even holes. Environmental concerns, along concerns with cost and human health, have led to research into more environmentally sound practices and turf grasses. Albatross A hole played three strokes under par, also called a Double Eagle. [M] Mulligan A do-over, or replay of the shot, without counting the shot as a stroke and without assessing any penalties that might apply. Here are the courses that did it best. Special rules apply to playing a ball that falls in a hazard. White – Farther still, typically used by low-to-average-handicap men and low-handicap teenage boys. It's one of the rarest scores in golf -- even rarer than a hole in one. The last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course. Another piece of good news: While some of the rules of golf can be a bit complicated and need some translation, a recognized hole-in-one is quite simple to verify. Many commercial and municipal establishments have associated golf clubs, who arrange competitions for their members on the courses and may provide clubhouse facilities. They’re called parkland courses because they look and feel like you are playing golf in a park. A penalty of one stroke is applied. Eighteen-hole courses are traditionally broken down into a "front 9" (holes 1–9) and a "back 9" (holes 10–18). The player holds the disc flat, about head height, with their thumb underneath the disc and fingers around the edge of the rim. (iii) The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro-shop, practice areas etc. The finest-quality greens are well-kept so that a ball will roll smoothly over the closely mowed grass. , There are three main categories of ownership and management of a golf course: private, commercial, and municipal.. The team score on each hole is the lowest score obtained by one of the team members. Variants of grass used for fairways and roughs include bent grass, Tifway 419 Bermuda grass, rye grass, Kentucky bluegrass, and Zoysiagrass. [D] Dimples The round indentations on a golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight. ", It is, however, illegal by the Rules of Golf to test the speed of a green while playing by rolling a ball on it, or by feeling or rubbing the green. They can be effectively used when there is a large difference in total course distance between two traditional tee levels. The curved shape of the flight of the ball is a result of sideways spin. , The layout of a course follows certain traditional principles, such as the number of holes (nine and 18 being most common), their par values, and the number of holes of each par value per course. Bunker A depression in bare ground that is usually covered with sand. There may even be a practice course (often shorter and easier to play than a full-scale course), where players may measure the distance they can obtain with a specific club, or in order to improve their swing technique. The game of golf is played in what is called a "round". A ball hit from a tee following a lost ball, out-of-bounds, or water hazard is not a hole-in-one. Playing the back nine is called “heading in”. Away Describing the golfer whose ball is farthest from the hole. In 2014, the PGA Tour held a Champions Tour event on a nine-hole par-3 course, the Big Cedar Lodge Legends of Golf in Ridgedale, Missouri, with four (regular division) or three (over-65 division) rounds played over the par-3 course, and one round played on a nearby regulation 18-hole course with par of 71. Golf hole with a turn. In complex areas, two holes may share the same tee box, fairway, or even green. Environmental concerns over the use of land for golf courses have grown since the 1960s. [E] Eagle A hole played in two strokes under par. Some golf course architects become celebrities in their own right, such as Robert Trent Jones, Jr.; others are professional golfers of high standing and demonstrated appreciation for golf course composition, such as Jack Nicklaus. Early in 2003 I received an email from a reader who took exception to the fact that I did not include what he felt was the most basic definition of the word "turn" in my golf glossary here at PGAProfessional.com: as in, whose turn is it to play?I wrote back that I felt that I had covered that with the terms "honor" and "away," and their definitions.. Golf course turf is an excellent filter for water and has been used in communities to cleanse grey water, such as incorporating them into bioswales. The book Rules of Golf reads "The Game of Golf consists in playing a ball from the teeing ground into the hole by a stroke or successive strokes in accordance with the Rules." A standard round of golf consists of 18 holes. Pitch a short shot (typically from within 50 yards), usually played with a higher lofted club and made using a less than full swing, that is intended to flight the ball toward a target (usually the hole) with greater accuracy than a full iron shot. However, such areas also typically include wetlands within the flood plain that are unsuitable for golfing and are often filled in and raised to remain dry. The modern sand wedge was invented by Gene Sarazen. A commercial course is owned and managed by a private organisation and is operated for profit. In recent years, many golf courses have introduced mixed or "combo" tee boxes. Up and down Describes the situation where a player holes the ball in two strokes starting from off the green. (iii) The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro-shop, practice areas etc. The Ananti CC and the Satsuki golf course in Sano, Japan, are the only courses with par-7 holes. ... What is it called when you putt with the same driver you teed off with (when you are parked)? , Golf courses can be built on sandy areas along coasts, on abandoned farms, among strip mines and quarries, and in deserts and forests. Putter A special golf club with a very low loft that makes the ball roll. Each combo tee configuration normally has its own course and slope rating. When playing on an 18-hole course, each hole is played once; whereas, on a nine-hole course each hole can be played twice to complete a round. Often, a golf course will include among its facilities a practice range or driving range, usually with practice greens, bunkers, and driving areas. Bogey. Golf Course Details. This consists of playing a set number of holes in an order predetermined by the course. Some par-3 courses still require the use of a, A common standardized type of par-3 course is the ", This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 12:54. In strokeplay, a foursome competition is played between several teams each consisting of a pair of players, where partners play alternate shots until the SINGLE ball is holed. The hole is called a "dogleg left" if the hole angles leftwards and "dogleg right" if it bends right.  The holes may share fairways and sometimes greens (such as at St Andrews to economize on land use, but in modern times this is rare due to the potential for injury from balls coming the other way. The object of … Holes-in-one commonly occur on par 3 holes, the shortest distance holes on a standard size golf course. Tips The championship tees on a golf course are known as “the tips”. The most common types of greens for cold winter, but warmer summer regions (i.e., not extremely warm, as in the Southern and Southwestern United States) are bent grass greens. They are also popular with young professionals, because during the normal golf season, the course can usually be played in the time between the end of the work day and sundown. The use of combo tees allow courses to offer one or more additional options with respect to total yardage at a minimal cost. The player who holes his ball in the fewest strokes wins.  The area between the tee box and the putting green where the grass is cut even and short is called the fairway. Some environmentalists and other activists continue to lobby against the building of new golf courses, claiming they may impede corridors for migrating animals and damage sanctuaries for birds and other wildlife, though some courses have become havens for native and non-native creatures. Named because the head was originally made of wood, although almost all are now metal. A combo consists of playing some holes from one color of tee box and the remainder from one tee box ahead (or back). This longer grass surrounding the green is known as the fringe and is designed to slow and stop balls rolling along the green from an approach shot or errant putt, preventing them from exiting the green. Other Australian golf courses in locations where water is scarce or water conservation is a priority sometimes feature "scrapes" in place of greens. Striking the ball with the center of the clubface maximizes distance and accuracy. Tournament players will usually play from a longer-distance tee box (the Championship or Tournament tee) that is behind the standard men's tee, which increases the typical distance of each par; a par-3 hole can be up to 290 yards (270 m), and longer par-4 holes can measure up to 520 yards (480 m), which can also be accomplished by converting a par-5 hole into a long par-4 hole for tournament players. ... “The” Turn- space between hole 9 and hole 10 on a typical 18 hole course Birdie bag- another term for whalesac. Fairway The area of the course between the tee and the green that is well-maintained allowing a good lie for the ball. Out-of-bounds areas are usually indicated by white posts. The way the course is designed by nature meant that you played each hole 1 … A regular golf course consists of 18 holes, but nine-hole courses are common and … In a tournament of 72 holes, Amen Corner makes up 12 holes of a golfer's final score. Topped An errant shot where the clubhead strikes on top of the ball, causing the ball to roll or bounce rather than fly. The term ‘foursome’ is often incorrectly used to describe any group of 4 players on the course. Casual water Any temporary standing water visible after a player has taken his stance. This has led to significant reduction in the amount of water and chemicals on courses. Go back to Cheese Lovers (3665 votes, average: 2,60 out of 5) A shot that follows the same direction but to a lesser degree is referred to as a fade or a cut and is often intentional. So-named because an eight (8) looks similar to the body of a snowman. The best greens are always established vegetatively[clarification needed] and never from seed. This is partly for the convenience of the players and the club, as then it is easier to play just a 9-hole round, if preferred, or stop at the clubhouse for a snack between the front 9 and the back 9. No. Similar to the knock-down, it can also be used to avoid high winds. , Most golf courses have only par-3, −4, and −5 holes, although some courses include par-6 holes. As in any hazard, a ball in a bunker must be played without touching the sand with the club except during the stroke, and loose impediments (leaves, stones, twigs) must not be moved before making the stroke. A USGA Handicap Index is calculated by a local golf club based on the golfer's most recent scores, using at least five 18-hole scores and no more than 20 scores. The Open Championship, the oldest of golf’s major championships, is always played on a links course. Pack: Cheese Lovers. 1 decade ago The origin of the term "at the turn" comes mainly from the Old Course at St Andrews....the home of golf. Opens, which are often 3 to 5 inches high, depending on how close to the fairway or green the section of grass will be. The land is naturally treeless and this combined with their coastal location makes wind and weather an important factor in links golf. The first recorded game of golf was played at Bruntsfield Links, in Edinburgh, Scotland, in A.D. 1456, and until recently most historians believed the game originated in Scotland in the 11th century. The ball must be teed between the markers, called tees, that define the teeing ground’s width, and no further back than its depth. Approach shot A shot intended to land the ball on the green. (Foursomes are the afternoon matches played on the Friday and Saturday of the Ryder Cup). A hole's direction may bend twice, which is called a "double dogleg". The object of the game is simple enough: to get your ball from the tee (the starting point of any hole) to the green and ultimately into the hole in as few shots as possible. This compensates for the generally longer distance pro players can put on tee and fairway shots as compared to the average "bogey golfer". Draw A shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves to the left; often played intentionally by skilled golfers. Many older courses are links, often coastal. There is typically more than one available box where a player places his ball, each one a different distance from the hole (and possibly with a different angle of approach to the green or fairway) to provide differing difficulty. Therefore, to score an ostrich, a golfer must make a hole-in-one on a par-6 hole. (ii) An organized group of golfers, usually owning or managing a golf course. [#] 19th Hole The clubhouse bar. The shape and topology of the green can vary almost without limit, but for practical purposes the green is usually flatter than other areas of the course, though gentle slopes and undulations can add extra challenge to players who must account for these variations in their putting line. And, yes, par-6 holes do exist. An additional smaller flag, or other marker, is sometimes positioned on the flagstick to indicate the location of the hole (front, middle, or back) on the green. Fore A warning shout given when there is a chance that the ball may hit other players or spectators. To begin a hole, players start by striking the ball off a tee. Pitch and Putt, specifically its governing association the IPPA, has received financial support and logo rights from the R&A. The first stroke, usually a pitch, a bunker shot or a chip, gets the ball ‘up’ onto the green, and the subsequent putt gets the ball ‘down’ into the hole. Putting, chipping, pitching, and greenside bunker play are all aspects of the short game. (ii) The angle between the center of the shaft and the sole of the clubhead. Golf club (i) An implement used by a player to hit a golf ball. Populists perceive golf as an elitist activity, and thus golf courses become a target for popular opposition. This is where golfers can talk about the one that " Got Away "! Here's what you need to know about the most famous corner in golf. To "putt" is to play a stroke on this surface, usually with the eponymous "putter" club, which has very low loft so that the ball rolls smoothly along the ground, and hopefully into the cup. With golf being a form of outdoor recreation, the strong designer is an adept student of natural landscaping who understands the aesthetic cohesion of vegetation, water bodies, paths, grasses, stonework, and woodwork, among other elements. This refers to a hole that has a straight fairway, and then it curves to the right, or the left. Another type of grass common for greens is TifDwarf Hybrid Bermuda (other variants exist, but TifDwarf is one of the most common), or simply Bermuda grass. Bunkers and sand traps are always built in by architects unless the formation of such items are already in the course's natural terrain. The hole, or cup, is always found within the green and must have a diameter of 108 millimeters (4.25 in) and a depth of at least 10 centimeters (3.94 in). Flagsticks are made of either coated fiberglass, metal, or wood and have a metal or synthetic bottom (called a ferrule) that is designed to fit in the hole cup. Chip A short shot (typically played from very close to and around the green), that is intended to travel through the air over a very short distance and roll the remainder of the way to the hole. Andy North, Trappers Turn Golf Club, and Oliphant Haltom Golf have teamed up to design and construct a one-of-a-kind short course experience featuring 12 unique golf holes. Many older executive courses have been upgraded "in-place" to 18 holes and a traditional par score, or the original course was sold for other development and new land was acquired and built into an 18-hole course. These are considered the best greens because they may be cut to an extremely low height, and because they may be grown from seed. A green is generally established from sod which has had the soil washed off of it (to avoid soil compatibility problems) and which is then laid tightly over the green, then rolled and topdressed with fine sand. Rangefinder – A device that measure the distance to the hole using lasers. We consider golf as a helpful tool that will help us in our cause of encouraging others to grow and take action. Most courses have at least three sets of tees, some have more than twice that many. If you need help with any specific puzzle leave your comment below. Putting greens are not all of the same quality.  In New Zealand, it is not uncommon for rural courses to have greens fenced off and sheep grazing the fairways. Double bogey A hole played two strokes over par. Residents of Great Guana Cay and Bimini, for example, are engaged in legal and political opposition to golf developments on their islands, for fear the golf courses will destroy the nutrient-poor balance on which their coral reef and mangrove systems depend. A "par-3" course has either 9 or 18 holes, and the distance of each hole is a par 3 rating (typically 240 yards or less from the "men's" tee), with no par-4 or par-5 holes mandating shots through the green (though, occasionally, a "par-3" course may feature a par-4 or even a par-5 hole). If you have finished playing all 18 holes you have played a round of golf. “Gimmes” are not allowed by the rules in stroke play, but they are often practiced in casual matches. When you finish a hole with a score of 1 over par, this score is called … Clubface The surface of the clubhead which is designed to strike the golf ball. Courses may also have other design features which the skilled player will avoid; there are earth bunkers (pits or depressions in the ground that are not filled with sand but require a lofted shot to escape), high grass and other dense vegetation, trees or shrubs, ravines and other rocky areas, steep inclines, etc. Combined with the need to package all the fairways within what is frequently a compact square or rectangular plot of land, the fairways of a course tend to form an oppositional tiling pattern. This is increasingly the case as new courses are more likely to be sited on less optimal land. Backspin A backwards spin that occurs when a player strikes the golf-ball. Golf course superintendents are often trained in the uses of these practices and grasses. In golf, golfers hit a lot of shots they wish they could have back. (ii) The indentation on the green caused by the ball on an approach shot; more properly called a pitch mark or ball mark. , A successful design is as visually pleasing as it is playable. These are made of fine dirt which requires raking between uses but does not require watering. An “average” course has a slope rating of 113. Players must repair their pitch marks, usually with a tee or a divot tool. Two downside factors of Bermuda greens are cost of maintenance, and also the existence of grain (the growth direction of the blades of grass), which affects the ball's roll and which is called "the grain of the green" and not to be confused with "the rub of the green" which are ideosyncrisies encountered getting through the hole. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf. Also called a hole in one. Each tee box has two markers showing the bounds of the legal tee area. Downswing The motion of swinging a club from the top of the swing to the point of impact. A more comprehensive listing can be found on the PGA.com website. Often recreational golfers will “concede” tap-ins to each other to speed up the pace of play. At Silverstone, the tips would be our set of silver tees. Flagstick A tall marker, often a metal pole with a flag at the top, used to indicate the position of the hole on a green. The quality of grass influences the roll of the ball as well as the ability of the player to "take a divot" (effectively, the ability to hit down into the ball, hitting the ball first, then hitting the turf and removing a portion of it as the club continues its arc). Others allow visitors at certain times but may insist on advance booking and proof of golfing competency. You may take relief from casual water no nearer to the hole according to the rules of golf. Slope Rating Slope Rating is a number, from 55 to 155, used to determine the level of difficulty of a golf course for a bogey golfer. Apron The grass surface on the perimeter of the green that separates it from the surrounding fairway or rough. Golf, a cross-country game in which a player strikes a small ball with various clubs from a series of starting points (teeing grounds) into a series of holes on a course. Dogleg – A golf-course architecture term. Stableford A points based scoring system. Also a two or four man format, similar to Best Ball, except in a scramble, each player strikes a shot, the best shot is selected, then all players play from that selected position. In the UK particularly, some older private members clubs have an associated "Artisan" club, originally established to provide low-cost golf with limited playing rights in exchange for unpaid work on the course. Scramble When a player misses the green in regulation, but still makes par or better on a hole. Albatross A hole played three strokes under par, also called a Double Eagle. Basic Golf Terms For Dummies: Scoring 101 Ace – Hole in One. Also called a hole in one. Sens’ askew cap is offensive and therefore he should not be allowed to advance. The “teeing ground” refers to one set of tees. Many private courses are found at country clubs. Hazard Any bunker or permanent water including any ground marked as part of that water hazard. The grass between the tee and the green is called the fairway. The spin causes the ball to stop quickly or spin backwards after landing on the green. Every hole has an individual personality including numerous bunkers, large waste bunkers, plentiful grass depressions and mounds which line the sculpted fairways. A standard course consisting of 18 separate holes played in turn within hazard. Most famous corner in golf, typically used by a player misses the green golf with. 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