romania map europe

[12] Following the outbreak of World War I, after declaring its neutrality in 1914, Romania fought on the side of the Allied Powers beginning in 1916. Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. [278], In December 2011, the Romanian Senate unanimously adopted the draft law ratifying the Romania-United States agreement signed in September of the same year that would allow the establishment and operation of a US land-based ballistic missile defence system in Romania as part of NATO's efforts to build a continental missile shield.[279]. [106] Transylvania and Maramureș, along with the rest of Banat and Crișana developed into a new state under Ottoman suzerainty, the Principality of Transylvania. [434], The governing body is the Romanian Football Federation, which belongs to UEFA. [19] The first known use of the appellation was attested to in the 16th century by Italian humanists travelling in Transylvania, Moldavia, and Wallachia.[20][21][22][23]. [307] There are sixteen international commercial airports in service today. [150] The country remained neutral when World War I broke out in 1914, but Prime Minister Ion I. C. Brătianu started negotiations with the Entente Powers. [175] Antonescu signed the Tripartite Pact of Germany, Italy and Japan on 23 November. No part of this site may be reproduced without our written permission. [207][208] In April 1990, a sit-in protest contesting the results of that year's legislative elections and accusing the NSF, including Iliescu, of being made up of former Communists and members of the Securitate grew rapidly to become what was called the Golaniad. [57][64] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. [108] The Romanians' Orthodox faith remained only tolerated,[108] although they made up more than one-third of the population, according to 17th-century estimations. Situation sur la carte de l’… The core player of this golden generation was Gheorghe Hagi, who was nicknamed "Maradona of the Carpathians". [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. World champions include Lucian Bute, Leonard Dorin Doroftei, Adrian Diaconu, and Michael Loewe. Romania Facts and Country Information... Romania lies in the central and Southeastern Europe and it is the ninth largest territory among the EU member states. The most common romania map material is metal. Use it with our worksheets or just as part of your studies. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25, – in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]. [36][37] The Cucuteni–Trypillia culture—the best known archaeological culture of Old Europe—flourished in Muntenia, southeastern Transylvania and northeastern Moldavia in the 3rd millennium BC. [172] The two countries concluded a treaty concerning the coordination of their economic policies in 1939, but the King could not persuade Adolf Hitler to guarantee Romania's frontiers. [433], Football is the most popular sport in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2018[update]. [105] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. [320] The number of tourists has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2016, according to the Worldbank. [142] The Great Powers acknowledged Romania's full independence at the Congress of Berlin and Carol I was crowned king in 1881. [224], The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 was estimated at 1.36 children born per woman, which is below the replacement rate of 2.1, and one of the lowest in the world,[355] it remains considerably below the high of 5.82 children born per woman in 1912. [93][94], The Mongols destroyed large territories during their invasion of Eastern and Central Europe in 1241 and 1242. [55] The Romans did not abandon their fortresses along the northern banks of the Lower Danube for decades, and Dobruja (known as Scythia Minor) remained an integral part of the Roman Empire until the early 7th century. Romania Map Of Europe Photo Gallery. 150,632,914 stock photos online. [252], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. [406], Prominent Romanian painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Andreescu Nicolae Tonitza and Theodor Aman. [416] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. Europe Map with City Romania Map Outline Belgium On Europe Map Bucharest Map Europe Transylvania Map Europe Romania Flag Map Romania Regions Old Romania Map Romania Location Romania Country Map Spain On Europe Map Austria On Europe Map Romania Road Map Topographic Map Romania Moldova On Europe Map Iasi Romania Map Romania Rivers Germany On Europe Map Poland On Europe Map Printable Map … Balkan countries map. [226] This led to Romania borrowing from the International Monetary Fund. [92] Also in the 13th century, during one of its greatest periods of expansion, the Republic of Genoa started establishing many colonies and commercial and military ports on the Black Sea, in the current territory of Romania. [148][149] Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Second Balkan War in 1913. [475], Romania's 306 all-time Summer Olympics medals would rank 12th most among all countries, while its 89 gold medals would be 14th most. [130] Taking advantage of the Greek War of Independence, a Wallachian lesser nobleman, Tudor Vladimirescu, stirred up a revolt against the Ottomans in January 1821, but he was murdered in June by Phanariot Greeks. The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. In the history of flight, Traian Vuia built the first airplane to take off under its own power[333] and Aurel Vlaicu built and flew some of the earliest successful aircraft,[334] while Henri Coandă discovered the Coandă effect of fluidics. [221], The country applied in June 1993 for membership in the European Union and became an Associated State of the EU in 1995, an Acceding Country in 2004, and a full member on 1 January 2007. [41][43] After Burebista was murdered in 44 BC, his empire collapsed. [399], The topic of the origin of Romanian culture began to be discussed by the end of the 18th century among the Transylvanian School scholars. [158] Romania achieved its greatest territorial extent, expanding from the pre-war 137,000 to 295,000 km2 (53,000 to 114,000 sq mi). [161] Romania was a multiethnic country, with ethnic minorities making up about 30% of the population, but the new constitution declared it a unitary national state in 1923. [41] Burebista was the first Dacian ruler to unite the local tribes. From the remaining population, 195,569 people belong to other Christian denominations or have another religion, which includes 64,337 Muslims (mostly of Turkish and Tatar ethnicity) and 3,519 Jewish (Jews once constituted 4% of the Romanian population—728,115 persons in the 1930 census). Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! [b] Tudor Vladimirescu, a revolutionary leader of the early 19th century, used the term Rumânia to refer exclusively to the principality of Wallachia. The charges for which they were executed were, among others, genocide by starvation. [32][33] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. The birth rate (9.49‰, 2012) is much lower than the mortality rate (11.84‰, 2012), resulting in a shrinking (−0.26% per year, 2012) and aging population (median age: 41.6 years, 2018), one of the oldest populations in the world,[355] with approximately 16.8% of total population aged 65 years and over. Zoom Map. Câte milioane de români au acces la internet", "• Chart: Blistering broadband: Europe's fastest downloaders | Statista", "Top 10: Where to Find the World's Fastest Internet", "Romanian city comes out first in the world in Internet download speed ranking", "Country/Economy Profiles: Romania, Page 329 Travel&Tourism", "Tourism attracted in 2005 investments worth €400 million", Report from Romanian National Institute of Statistics, "Castelul Bran, marcat de istorie, dar şi de legenda lui Dracula atrage anual sute de mii de turişti", "Bine ati venit pe site-ul de promovare a pensiunilor agroturistice din Romania !!! It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east and has its opening to the Black Sea. [159] A new electoral system granted voting rights to all adult male citizens, and a series of radical agrarian reforms transformed the country into a "nation of small landowners" between 1918 and 1921. Political map of Europe. [131] After a new Russo-Turkish War, the Treaty of Adrianople strengthened the autonomy of the Danubian Principalities in 1829, although it also acknowledged the sultan's right to confirm the election of the princes. These would last until the 15th century. [37], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. [153] After the October Revolution turned Russia from an ally into an enemy, Romania was forced to sign a harsh peace treaty with the Central Powers in May 1918,[154] but the collapse of Russia also enabled the union of Bessarabia with Romania. [458] Dinamo București reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Cup Winners' Cup semi-final in 1990. [236]:29 Since then, there have been several other democratic changes of government: in 1996 Emil Constantinescu was elected president, in 2000 Iliescu returned to power, while Traian Băsescu was elected in 2004 and narrowly re-elected in 2009.[213]. [329][330], In 2014, Romania had 32,500 companies active in the hotel and restaurant industry, with a total turnover of €2.6 billion. [124][125], A census revealed that the Romanians were more numerous than any other ethnic group in Transylvania in 1733, but legislation continued to use contemptuous adjectives (such as "tolerated" and "admitted") when referring to them. [332] According to the country's National Statistics Institute, some 77% came from Europe (particularly from Germany, Italy, and France), 12% from Asia, and less than 7% from North America. [67] After the Avar Khaganate collapsed in the 790s, Bulgaria became the dominant power of the region, occupying lands as far as the river Tisa. [245] Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country, from which to date 23 have been declared natural monuments, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable, and 1,253 rare. [151] After they promised Austrian-Hungarian territories with a majority of ethnic Romanian population to Romania in the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania entered the war against the Central Powers in 1916. – Interviu", "EXCLUSIV | "Angelo Niculescu mi-a zis că nu mă bagă pentru că sunt maghiar şi Partidul crede că vând meciul. The most popular color? The Romanian judicial system is strongly influenced by the French model, is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature. [138] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. Lonely Planet. [186] Romania switched sides during the war, and nearly 250,000 Romanian troops joined the Red Army's military campaign against Hungary and Germany, but Joseph Stalin regarded the country as an occupied territory within the Soviet sphere of influence. The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. Les fonctions exécutives sont exercées par le gouvernement et le président. [368] In 2010, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie identified 4,756,100 French speakers in the country. [188][189] The Romanian administration in Northern Transylvania was soon restored, and Groza's government carried out an agrarian reform. 992x756 / 299 Kb … Topics. [350], According to the 2011 census, Romania's population was 20,121,641. Sixth largest continent by land mass ( approximately 3,997,929 square miles or square! 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